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The Stockade or Palisade was a wooden wall that surrounded the Cahokian villages.  It is believed that it was used as a defensive system, or another belief is that it was used as a social barrier.  It was constructed of 15-foot logs and each had a diameter of 10 inches.  They used about 20,000 logs and mostly used oak and hickory.  The Stockade has a circumference of two miles enclosing Monks Mound, 16 other  mounds and the Grand Plaza
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There were guard towers every few feet with narrow L shaped slots in the wood for entry.  The logs were replaced at least four times over the years.  Each time the Stockade was rebuilt, the size and shaped changed.  It may have gotten smaller due to the loss of wood.
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